In conclusion, women are discriminated against in the workplace, in education, and in the home. Until society’s ideas about women change, change in these areas will be almost impossible. I’ve touched on many different aspects within each of these three areas including the sexual harassment, the wage gap, the glass ceiling, and domestic violence. It is truly alarming how accepting our society can be about injustice to half its population.
“A 2006 study conducted by Bianchi et al. found that married women spent approximately 19.4 hours a week doing housework compared with married men, who sent approximately 9.7 hours on housework. A 2009 study by Vanderbilt professor Joni Hersch using diary data from the American Time Use Survey, which provided detailed information on all activities performed over a 24-hour period, described higher rates of housework activity by both women and men than reported by Bianchi et al. and others. She found married women completing an average of 97 minutes per day on housework broadly defined and unmarried women spending an average of 67 minutes a day. Men completed an average of 29 minutes per day, regardless of marital status.”
Shaw, Susan M., and Janet Lee. “Chapter 8: Women’s Work Inside and Outside the Home.” Women’s Voices: Feminist Visions. 5th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, NY. 393. Print.
Women take on more housework after they are married while men do not change the amount of house work they do. I believe this to be the norm in our society, as if carrying a baby and having it deplete your body of nutrition isn’t enough. What is thought of as Women’s tasks and Men’s task are another way of looking a discrimination in the home. Women tend to do task that are re occurring task while men tend to do the one time tasks. (also from the book). I believe the home to be where the discrimination left in our society is most prominent.
In the article in the link above, it suggests that when mothers are in a domestic violence situation while pregnant they are not able to develop the feelings for their babies like mothers in non-domestic violence situations should. It says that mothers start to prepare themselves for the new relationship with the baby and can not when combating domestic violence. They develop a feeling of not being able to protect the baby so when the baby is born the mother will not have the protecting relationship and therefore can not provide the attachment relationship the baby need.
It was interesting to learn that domestic violence can effect unborn children as well as the direct victims.
Every 9 seconds in the US a woman is assaulted or beaten.
Around the world, at least one in every three women has been beaten, coerced into sex or otherwise abused during her lifetime. Most often, the abuser is a member of her own family.
Domestic violence is the leading cause of injury to women—more than car accidents, muggings, and rapes combined.
Studies suggest that up to 10 million children witness some form of domestic violence annually.
Nearly 1 in 5 teenage girls who have been in a relationship said a boyfriend threatened violence or self-harm if presented with a breakup.
Everyday in the US, more than three women are murdered by their husbands or boyfriends.
Ninety-two percent of women surveyed listed reducing domestic violence and sexual assault as their top concern.
Domestic violence victims lose nearly 8 million days of paid work per year in the US alone—the equivalent of 32,000 full-time jobs.
Based on reports from 10 countries, between 55 percent and 95 percent of women who had been physically abused by their partners had never contacted non-governmental organizations, shelters, or the police for help.
The costs of intimate partner violence in the US alone exceed $5.8 billion per year: $4.1 billion are for direct medical and health care services, while productivity losses account for nearly $1.8 billion.
Men who as children witnessed their parents’ domestic violence were twice as likely to abuse their own wives than sons of nonviolent parents.
What an awful thing. It’s so hard to image being in the shoes of a domestic violence victim, to report the person you love or continue to be harmed.
“Overall, education is a field still dominated by women, yet women do not typically pursue or attain leadership positions at the administrative level. Research has revealed some of the reasons for this: women still experience gender discrimination in education careers, experience higher attrition rates, and have slower career mobility than do men. Additionally, women in education are apparently less valued, and their performance is more critically evaluated, as in other fields.”
I found this in the abstract in what I believe to be a text book (the full text was not available online and not available in the library, but I really like the I idea it talks about in just the abstract.)
I think women feel they must work harder when the administration of most higher education institutions is dominated by men. The “pressure is on” so to speak and I do not believe that women are so prominently aware that this discrimination exists more that is it more just a fact of life.